Prepare vegetable garden for winter is another mandatory step that gardeners have to do. This is an unavoidable season that you have to pay attention to.
Winter doesn’t always mean that the weather is harshest or that livable temperatures are at their coldest. The coldest months are often the most interesting as they have the perfect mix of rainfall, sun, and cold.
Preparing the vegetable garden for winter is important for your health and your wallet. It’s best to get the garden ready as early as possible. When it gets cold at night, the soil can freeze. Not only will your veggies be cooked, but there’s a good chance you’ll lose most of them.
- Prepare Vegetable Garden for Winter
- 1. Harvest all mature plants
- 2. Improve your land quality
- 3. Clean your vegetable garden from weeds
- 4. Cut perennials plant
- 5. Plant soil erosion prevention crops
- 6. Put the mulch in the vegetable garden
- 7. Make your own compost
- 8. Separate and sow your bulbs
- 9. Evaluate your vegetable garden
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Prepare Vegetable Garden for Winter
1. Harvest all mature plants
Harvesting much earlier can actually reduce the threat of winter in some cases. For example, harvesting even in cold or cloudy weather can reduce the threat of frost damage. Winter can also bring about diseases that can affect your plants.
Make sure you harvest your plants as soon as possible to avoid this.
2. Improve your land quality
The best time to add nutrients to your soil is before the ground freezes in the fall. In most climates, that means you have about 6 weeks to enrich your soil with compost, manure, bone meal, kelp, and rock phosphate.
These improvements will start to break down and become naturally change your soil while it’s still warm enough for them to be useful.
You can do some of the work now so you’ll have time to do what you need to when the busy season arrives. The same is true for fall planting. If you plan to plant in the fall, you can amend and prepare the soil before your first spring planting.
3. Clean your vegetable garden from weeds
When winter comes, it’s essential to clean your plants in order to prepare for a better upcoming growing season. The first thing to do is remove all existing weeds. You don’t want them to take over your garden and weaken or kill your plants.
4. Cut perennials plant
It’s important to consider perennials in your garden. There are some plants that don’t always look good and sometimes they don’t suit your lifestyle. However, there are many plants that you can grow for the other seasons of the year.
For example, perennials can be planted in areas of your garden where you can enjoy them all year round.
When winter comes you want to be able to cut perennials plants so that they will become shorter and bushy. To do so, you need to cut the plants right down to the ground before the winter.
Another thing you should remember when cutting perennials is that you must leave two-thirds of the perennial plant uncut. That means two-thirds of the plant must be live after winter. If you cut it all down, new roots won’t develop.
5. Plant soil erosion prevention crops
Planting soil erosion prevention crops is a great way to reduce the amount of topsoil being washed away each year.
There’s a lot of new research on how plants can prevent soil erosion and the decrease of crop yields in our food system. In order to reduce or prevent erosion, we should take steps to plant cover crops before the winter and grow them right through until after harvest and during planting season.
This is not an easy task, but it’s one that can significantly contribute to reducing soil erosion.
You can plant-soil erosion prevention plants before the winter area, such as rye, peas high oil seeds, buckwheat, and other crops to reduce soil erosion in the winter.
6. Put the mulch in the vegetable garden
Mulch in vegetable garden keeps things growing safely and healthfully in the garden over the winter. It’s important to keep in mind that some forms of mulching will help improve your soil condition in the winter months.
If applied properly, mulch can protect plants from winter damage due to low temperatures, as well as retain compost.
By letting these leaves stay on your lawn, you’re providing some organic nutrients to your lawn while preventing weeds from growing. It’s better to use leaves than grass clippings because the former decompose much more slowly than the latter.
Also, the straw will help insulate plants and allow roots to remain at moderate temperatures.
7. Make your own compost
Choosing to make your own compost in the winter months is an eco-friendly way to cut down on waste and cut down costs at the same time. Making compost means that you’re creating a source of plant nutrients for the following year.
This in turn will increase the health of your plants and reduce your chances of getting sick.
You can make your own compost in October, and store some of it over the winter. The autumn months are actually great for making waste products into useable compost, instead of using it right back into the ground.
8. Separate and sow your bulbs
Spring bulbs have long bloomed and died back, but other flowers like lilies are starting to bloom. Dig up bulbs sometimes after they bloom, one to one month and a half after the peak of the blooms.
This is a good time to divide plants that were overgrown or crowded in the growing season.
Another method is to dig up the bulbs and separate the bulblets from the roots, then transplant them elsewhere in the garden.
9. Evaluate your vegetable garden
Before the first frost hits, you should evaluate your garden storage and protection. Make sure that all necessary cleanup tasks have been done.
You’ll probably have to cut back some of your vegetables, as they may be suffering from diseases and insect infestations.
Also, make sure that you do not leave any products out in the open that can potentially freeze.
To prepare vegetable garden for winter, here are 9 things you should do:
- Harvest all mature plants
- Improve your land quality
- Clean your vegetable garden from weeds
- Cut perennials plant
- Plant soil erosion prevention crops
- Put the mulch in the vegetable garden
- Make your own compost
- Separate and sow your bulbs
- Evaluate your vegetable garden